Introduction to Android technology
Android is an operating system as well as a computing platform for smart devices like mobile phones, tablet PCs and other devices and Google is owner of this technology since 2005. Android includes softwares, applications and of course is an operating system as well.
Android technology is now common to all mobile phones and smart devices. A large free community of users now develops and maintains the Android applications and games for others and a lot of this free of cost. And this makes Android Technology one of the leading technologies for the mobile communication world.
Android is different from other mobile operating system in terms of different freely available software, games and application compared to other operating system like Windows, Bada, CentOS and other Operating Systems. Based on popularity and from demand, vendors and manufacturer of the mobile can change and modified OS and software based on need of users.
History of Android Technology
Android Incorporation was founded by Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, and Chris White in California, USA in October 2003. But in 2005 Google acquired completely Android Incorporation along with their founders and taken control of whole Android project. In 2007 Google took a giant step by releasing Android Beta SDK (Software Development Kit) and keeping it open to all for making and modifying the software and applications by own will. Person with sufficient knowledge of SDK and related IT technology can also make his/her software and applications and all these free of cost.
In November, 2007 several companies joined hands to use Android Technology under Open Handset Alliance (OHA). Companies include Google, HTC, Intel, Samsung, Sony, Nvidia, Motorola, LG, Marvell technology, Broadcom etc. OHA develop standards for mobile and smart phones.
Android Open Source Project
The aim of the Android Open Source Project is to maintain and develop the Android technology. This project is led by Google and its goal is to do maintenance and search & development of Android Technology also this project will ensure improved mobile experience and other smart devices for people for free of cost.
Android Market/Google Play
Android market is name given to common place and platform where user has access to all applications, software and games. One can also buy the applications if it is not freely available. Formally known, Android market is now called 'Google Play' after Google changed its name in current year (i.e. 2012). Google Market was launched in 2008 and now in 2012 from March it is known as Google Play. Recently Google Play has applications available in more than 130 languages. Today 4,50,000 different applications are available online in Google Play for access to user. Google Play has 3 million e-books, also movies (includes comedy, animation, drama, action, documentary) and music are available on Google Play. Till date more than 10 billion applications have been downloaded so far.
Even if you are not having android devices to play android games and application, still you can play all these Android Technology stuff on Google Play official website with use of recent browser (like Google Chrome). You can read ebooks, play music and watch online TV as well as movies on Google Play.