Analysis of WMS Systems for Automating Business Processes

In this article, we discuss how you can automate your business processes using the WMS systems. Know the benefits you get from these systems, if these systems can make your business processes more efficient and how.

The modern retail environment requires retailers to provide a great experience to their customers. How you take care of the customers determines if the business will rise or fall. Generally, the customers barely tolerated errors and late shipments. If these problems occur, expect the customers to attack your website and social media handles with negative reviews. This isn't good for business since most potential customers depend on these reviews when purchasing.

A seamless customer experience can be significantly enhanced with a well-run warehouse. However, building an efficient warehouse requires deep planning, constant attention, and persistence. In addition, it requires a robust warehouse management system to maximize its efficiency and optimize staffing costs. The WMS will assist in improving your customer experience while saving on your time and money.

This article will discuss much important information regarding the warehouse management system. It will outline the various fundamental roles and their features.

Basic WMS Goals

The Warehouse Management System assists in managing the warehouse operations such as picking processes, reporting, auditing, and inventory management. The primary goals of this software are handling receiving and returning, integrating third-party software, warehouse logistics, and providing efficient forecasting and reporting tools. Each of these goals is explained below.
Receiving and Returns

The WMS records the warehouse's stock and returns receipts. An effective WMS assists the business in cutting off irrelevant expenses by reducing the number of the storage's unnecessary products. In addition, it also maintains accurate real-time product quantities to prevent the business from running out of stocks and overselling. This maintains a proper balance in the warehouse's inventory.
Warehouse Logistics

The warehouse inventory system models and manages the racking and physical storage facilities' logical representations. A WMS can be used in this case to improve efficiency and save on some expenses. Since labor occupies most of the operating budgets in a warehouse, you will certainly reduce the costs of operation with this efficient software.

Similarly, traveling to pick up some products for the warehouse consumes a lot of time. Using the WMS software can reduce the time taken by the selectors, thus saving on much time and resources to improve the business's overall productivity. For instance, optimizing a warehouse includes processes like typical grouping products and placing particular products near their respective delivery areas to speed up picking, packing, and shipping. The WMS software comes in handy for these and more tasks.

When picking, packing, and shipping products out of your warehouse, you need to establish a no-hassle link for orders processing and logistics management for efficiency. You will need to integrate your warehouse inventory software with channel management software to track your sales across various online marketplaces. The inventory software should also integrate with other relevant industry-standard software to manage the business's online marketplaces, store platforms, and shipping solutions.

Reporting and Forecasting

The WMS software also assists in tracking the locations for products, supply chains, and storage. This assists in inventory optimization and maximizing the space of the warehouse. The various tools for reporting and forecasting analyze the relevant data to help the business make better decisions. The inventory management system generated reports indicating the best and fastest selling SKUs, stock levels, optimal pricing, historical data, among other important information.

Key Features of WMS

Warehouse Design

Disorganized warehouses result in space and time wastage. Most of the WMS assist in customizing the workflow and picking logic, thus designing the warehouse to allocate optimized inventory. For example, you can use WMS software for bin slotting establishment to maximize the storage space and take the seasonal inventory needs.

Inventory Tracking

A WMS tracks inventory data from radio frequency identification tags and barcode readers. This updates the software's dashboard information and makes it available to the permitted people. In addition, this ensures easier accessibility of the products for easier portability.

Picking and Packing

A WMS is also used in optimizing zone, wave, and batch picking. It also offers the warehouse workers task interleaving functions and lot zoning for better and efficient pick-and-pack processes.

Receiving and Put-away

Although it is unavailable in some WMS platforms, this technology hastens the inventory put-away and retrieval using the pick-to-voice, PTV, and put-to-light, PTL technologies.

The PTV is a computerized voice for directing pickers to the correct location through headsets. In addition, it instructs them on which quantity to pick and any other additional instructions.

PTL refers to the light displays installed in the storage racks and shelving units at each of the fixed pick-up locations. These display lights light up to indicate the order line for the pickers to pick.


The WMS software sends the bills landing ahead of shipments while generating the particular shipments' packing lists and invoices. It then sends the shipment notifications in advance to the recipients.

Labor Management

The software uses key performance indicators, KPIs, to monitor the workers' performances by pointing out the workers who perform below the expected standards.
Yard and Dock Management

In case of enormous operations, the software guides the truck drivers to locate the right loading docks quickly.


WMS software assists managers in analyzing the overall warehouse operations and employees' performance by generating automatic reports. This helps in anticipation of potential problems for better decision-making.

Analysis of WMS Systems for Automating Business Processes

Automating the warehouse processes in a business minimizes the manual tasks and speeds up some processes. The following WMS systems will assist in various business operations, from receiving to shipping.

Goods-to-Person, GTP

This is among the most common ways of reducing congestion and increasing efficiency. The category includes vertical lifts, conveyors, and carousels. A proper application of the GTP tools will undoubtedly speed up the picking processes.

Automated Storage and Retrieval Systems, AS/RS

These are forms of GTP technology that include equipment and automated systems such as tote shuttles, mini loaders, and vehicles to store and retrieve products. The high-volume warehouses ideally use them with limited spaces.

Automated Guide Vehicles, AGVs

This is a class of mechanized automation that includes minimal onboard computing power. Instead, the vehicles use magnetic wires, strips, and sensors to navigate around the warehouse in a fixed path. They are ideally designed for large and straightforward warehouses that have easier navigations. However, AGVs are much more challenging to use in complex warehouses with limited spaces and much human traffic.

Autonomous Mobile Robots, ARMs

These are more flexible than AGVs since they use GPS systems to navigate specific warehouse routes. They are fitted with sophisticated laser guidance systems for detecting obstacles so that they can navigate safely, even in sizable human traffic areas. Their programming and implementation are much easier and quicker compared to the AVGs.

Pick-to-Light and Put-to-Light systems

The systems use barcode scanning devices that are synchronized to light displays to direct pickers on the places to pick and place the selected products. As a result, they assist in reducing the walking and searching time and human errors.

Voice Picking and Tasking

These are voice-directed warehouse procedures that use mobile headsets and speech recognition software to create optimized pick paths. They eliminate the use of handheld devices such as RF scanners to provide safety and efficiency when working.

Automated Sortation Systems

They use barcode scanners, RFID, and sensors to identify products on the conveyor belt and direct them to their particular locations. Thus, they are ideally used in receiving, picking, packing, and shipping the products.


Using WMS software for automating warehouse operations has many potential benefits, which are crucial in the evolution of warehouse management. For example, transporting products in different places with minimal human effort creates capable supply chains that see the business's snowballing. In addition, investing in these WMS systems will assist your company in meeting the customers' expectations that are ever-growing day by day.


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