What is Disk Defragmentation and how does it work

Read this article to know what does Disk Defragmentation means. Learn how it impacts your disk read and write and what measures you can take to fix it.

Defragmentation is commonly known as "defragging" or "defrag. The work of defragmentation is to rearrange all the data and files that are stored on the hard drive of your system. The purpose of rearranging data is to bring all the related files at the same place that are spread across the computer. Defragmentation is important for your computer system as it works as a cleaning house that collects all the files and put them together. In any condition, you don't perform defragmentation process your system has to face trouble.

The main element in your computer that is responsible for the slower work or speed of the system is the disk. Sometimes you face the problem of slower speed or might get trouble in operating your system efficiently, you may think that your system is creating a problem because it is running from a long time and become old but eventually you are wrong. The problem is caused due to disk fragmentation. Now, you are wondering that what is disk fragmentation, don't worry, here is your answer.

Disk fragmentation takes place when a file is divided into several sections to adjust on the disk drive. Fragmentation is a customary incident as the files are persistently written, resized or removed from the disk drive. But due to this process users finds trouble in accommodating related files and read or write the file and there are several consequences occurs due to fragmentation which you will face in future. Some of the problems that occur due to disk fragmentation are:

1. The major problem is it slows down the speed of your server and system
2. It can cause trouble in back up window
3. It may also slow boot-up times
4. It will take more time to detect the virus on your system
5. It can hang your computer and you may also lose your data and file
6. Disk fragmentation can cause hard drive failures

Apart from the above issues, there is a lot of problems that you will face and the disk fragmentation process occurs in every computer system so the problem is faced by every computer user. So it is necessary to eliminate it. Disk Defragmentation will help in that situation. The process will collect all the related files and saved file on the disk place the file into a vacant space on the disk so that all the files are stored in the same place and you will not face any problem while reading or writing the file. It will also improve your computer performance and speed. Defragmentation help in cleaning the storage and bring the further volume.

When you eliminate the disk fragmentation you will find a severe change in your system and the performance of your PC will be boosted. Some more benefits are:

1. It will decrease crashes of the file and system
2. It will boost VM density
3. Scans anti-virus as fast as possible
4. It will reduce the power consumption
5. You will not lose your data and file also your file will not be corrupted
6. It will also enhance your system stability
7. User will able to read and write faster
8. User will able to access internet browsing faster
9. It will enhance boot-up times
10. It will instantly take the backups without any delay
11. User can transfer data faster

So that is why disk defragmentation is really important to make your system clear and working properly. Although, every computer has disk defragmenter in windows to reorganize the fragmented files or data works on a timetable you can also peruse with the help of disk defragmenter software like Windows inbuilt Defragment and Optimize Drives. You need to follow some steps to disk defragment manually:

How to do Disk Defragmentation

1. Firstly, go to the start menu and launch disk defragmenter
2. A search box will appear, type disk defragmenter in the box and click disk defragmenter in the search results
3. Now choose the disk that you desire to defragment in the current status
4. You may click on analyze disk to ascertain whether the disk requires to defragmented or not
5. If the device asks you for the password for confirmation write your password to confirm
6. When you provide the password, the system will examine the disk and when the examining will be completed you can find the fragmentation percentage in the last run column
7. If the percentage of the fragmented disk is more than 10% then you must defragment the disk
8. You can also choose select or deselect run on a schedule in disk defragmenter window page. You can use either run weekly or monthly depending on the disk defragmenter usage
9. You can change the defragmentation timetable by clicking on the modify schedule icon, choose the preference of time and hit the ok button
10. At last click on Defragment now
11. When you will be completed with the defragmentation process click close.

Disk defragmentation can take a few seconds to a few hours to complete the defragmentation process. The time consumption by the process depends on the size and percentage of the fragmentation on your disk drive. You can easily operate your system while running the defragmentation process. But it will be more beneficial if you don't operate another program while defragmentation process.


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