Introduction to Fiber cable and its use.


Fiber cables are mainly used in the fields which required high speed and bandwidth. Nowadays we need only one fiber cable to use telephone, CCTV, IPTV, Data and Internet connection.

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A fiber optic cable contains strands of glass fibers which can carry light and insulating coating over the strands to protect it from damages. Different type cables are used for different applications and environmental conditions. There are fiber cables which we can use for indoor purpose and for the outdoor purpose the cables are coming with the armored layer over the strands to resist the extreme outdoor conditions.

Types of fiber cables.

Mainly there are two types of fiber cables which are Single mode fiber cables and Multimode fiber cables. These are using for a different type of applications according to the distance and speed required. For long distance normally using Single mode cables and it can offer any bandwidth like (1G,10G,30G,40G). Multimode is coming with different types like OM1, OM2, OM3, OM4 and this is mainly using for short distances and this can support up to 40G as per the standards.

Color Code for Fiber.

The standard color code is used to identify the individual cores inside the cables EIA/TIA-598 defines identification schemes for fibers as follows.
Position Jacket color Position Jacket color

1 Blue 13 Blue/black
2 Orange 14 Orange/black
3 Green 15 Green/black
4 Brown 16 Brown/black
5 Slate 17 Slate/black
6 White 18 White/black
7 Red 19 Red/black
8 Black 20 Black/yellow
9 Yellow 21 Yellow/black
10 Violet 22 Violet/black
11 Rose 23 Rose/black
12 Aqua 24 Aqua/black


Uses of Fiber cable.

1. Telecommunication section
2. Data Network
3. Camera and Wireless Network
4. Medical Section
5. Cable Television
6. Telephones
7. Lighting controls

Summary

Fiber cables are mainly used in the fields which required high speed and bandwidth. Nowadays we need only one fiber cable to use telephone, CCTV, IPTV, Data and Internet connection.



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