How to install software in Red Hat Linux?

Are you facing any problem in installing packages from Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 CD? Read the article to know the step by step process of installing these packages from CD.

Installing software from CD :

You can find numerous .rpm packages on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 CD. It is not as easy to install these packages as it was in Window OS. If you double click on any .rpm package, the system asks you to install dependencies. It is hard to find and install all the dependencies. So, create a small configuration file and then install the required software easily. In Linux, this configuration file is called repository. Even after creating a configuration file, you can't install these packages using the graphical mode. You need to install via terminal. This is easy and in this article, I will teach you how to do it.

Configuration for installing packages from CD

The entire configuration is done through the terminal. To open the terminal, right Click -> Open in Terminal option. For a detailed explanation, read the steps given below.
Red Hat

Step 1: Make sure that you have inserted your DVD in the DVD drive.

Step 2: In your terminal, switch as super-user/root. To do this, enter the command given below.


Now, enter the root's password. If you have already logged in as a root user, you can skip this step.

Step 3: Now, create a new directory in media. Name it 'Red Hat 6'. You are now going to mount all the contents of your CD in this directory.

#mkdir /media/redhat6

Red Hat 6 is just the name of this folder. You can give any name you like.

Step 4: Now, you are going to mount the contents of your CD in the directory. To do so, enter the command given below.

#mount -t iso9660 dev/cdrom /media/redhat6

In this command, 't' represents the type of file system and iso9660 is the file-type of CD. If I do not mention these types in the command, the contents will be mounted as a normal file and not as .iso file. After mentioning the file type, you need to specify the source file and the destination file. Here, our source directory is cd-drive and the destination is the directory that you created in step 3.

Step 5: Now, you have completed 90% of the configuration. Check if the files are mounted correctly. To check this, you can use list files command.

#ls /media/redhat6

All the contents of your CD should now show in your directory. Mounting takes less than a minute.

Step 6: This is the final step. Create a repo file in 'etc' folder.

#vim /etc/yum.repos.d/cd.repo

Now, an empty page will open. Press 'i' or 'insert' key and enter the text.

After completing this, press 'esc' key. Then, press colon (:) key. Now type- wq!.
wq! - write and quit.

The above configuration is called yum configuration file. The base URL links the respond file. These files hold all information about the packages. Type the base URL directory correctly. All words are case-sensitive. In my CD, the 'Server' folder has a capital initial. Type the exact folder name. Below is the yum configuration file that I created for my PC.
YUM config

Step 7: Now, you can install all files by using the command given below.

#yum install < software name from CD >-y

  • yum – It installs all the files including dependencies.

  • install – Here, you are specifying what yum should do. You can also use 'update' in this part.

  • software name – I tried installing GIMP image editing tool. So, I will use GIMP*.

  • * - This symbol specifies installation of all GIMP-named packages. If you use the symbol 'a*', all software starting with 'a' will be installed.

  • Read How to backup files in Fedora OS using Deja-Dup in simple steps?

    Related Articles

    Ubuntu Linux Installation and Review

    Ubuntu has been one of the best open source Linux OS over the years, in this article I tell you the features of the OS and the pros and cons of the OS.

    Benefits of Windows over Linux

    Often do people think that what is complex is what is better. So do people think when it comes to the thing called Linux and windows. This article discusses about the aspects in which Windows operating system is better than Linux.

    What is Linux and should you switch to use Linux rather?

    In this article you won't be told about all the technical details of Linux, but it is simply an overview of it. Before you actually start learning how to use it, you must have all the background knowledge about it. After reading this you will definitely be in a better position to decide whether to switch to Linux or not.

    Easy steps to download VLC player in Redhat Linux

    Are you searching for simple tutorial to install VLC player in Redhat Enterprise Linux? In this article I have given steps to install VLC player in Redhat easily. Follow the below steps to install VLC player in Redhat.

    More articles: Linux Operating System Linux Installation


    No responses found. Be the first to comment...

  • Do not include your name, "with regards" etc in the comment. Write detailed comment, relevant to the topic.
  • No HTML formatting and links to other web sites are allowed.
  • This is a strictly moderated site. Absolutely no spam allowed.
  • Name: