The meaning of net neutrality
Net neutrality means all the data should be treated equal. It should not be differentiated, and/or charged differently based on the site, application, platform or type of the equipment connected.
In simple words, once a service provider sells you the data plan, they should not have any right on how you use the data. The ISP should not be in a position to control or choose the way the plan is being is used.
What is the significance of it now?
The issue of net neutrality has been a point of debate and argument in western world since long. It surfaced in India only recently when AirTel came up a plan to charge the voice calls made from apps like Viber, WhatsApp etc. at a higher rate than normal voice calls. In other words, AirTel was trying to differentiate the data plan and its usage. The plan was scrapped after a public protest, but the telcos are now lobbying for plans that are anti net neutrality. TRAI has been in consultation with the concerned parties.
Live....and Let Live!