What is an IP Address?
An IP address is that which designates a computer as a unique device on a network. IP stands for Internet Protocol. An IP address is basically a binary number that is used to identify a particular computer ( or any other device) on a TCP/IP network. IP address helps you to locate a computer or any device precisely.
Internet Protocol is a set of guidelines and rules that help you complete tasks over the World Wide Web. It is synonymous with the mailing address that you may have and by means of which people send you letters.
IP Address Standards
Currently there are two IP Address standards used worlwide. IPV4 has been around since quite long and is supported by almost all networks. The standard has been on the way to be replaced by IPV6. The IPV 4 standard IP address has a length of four bytes whereas a IPV 6 standard uses 16 Bytes for the address. You will have a group of four numbers in IPV 4. Each of these numbers will be between 0 and 255. The human readable form of an IP address would be between 0.0.0.0 and 255.255.255.255. You may have noticed that IPV 4 uses dots to separate the groups. IPV 6 on the other hand uses colons to separate the groups. The system use hexadecimal system as compared to the decimal system used in IPV 4.
There is yet another differentiation that IP addresses as Private and Public. Private IP address is used to communicate with another computer on LAN - Local Area Network. The Public IP address is used on the Internet and Wide Area Networks or WAN.
How to know your IP address?
There are many ways you can check your IP address. Some of them are :
Type in ip address in the search field. On pressing ENTER, your public IP address will be displayed. The first result will be the IP address.
From your router settings
Access your router's web interface. You should be aware of the IP address of your router. Most common addresses are 192.168.1.1, 192.168.0.1 and 192.168.2.1. Your IP address should be available under Router Status or WAN page. The exact location will depend upon your router model.
Using Command Prompt
Launch Command Prompt. Type in ipconfig and press ENTER. The result will display your network information. Locate your active connection and look for IPV4 address.
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